Archive for the ‘Juvenile Camps’ Category

Parenting is a job that no one can really understand until they are put in the position; as my mom says: “You’ll understand when you have your own kids”. So when it comes to parenting, who knows best? When caring for a newborn/toddler there are general tips and rules to follow, books to read, classes to take, but as children grow older, where are the tips? Who do you turn to for advice?


As I come to speak and get to know some parents of juvenile offenders, I often wonder how much influence home life, such as parenting, has on the behaviors of these young adults. Granted, all families that I have met through my journey all come from the same socioeconomic background – they all share that. Yet, what they also share is the heartbreak and anguish over their children and their decisions. How much can you really parent a child coming into his/her young adult age? I know that teenagers are known for their lack of compliance with their parent’s wishes. And when they have an extremely hard personality to work with, how much more can the parents do?


You are a parent of a juvenile offender. They are coming up on their 18th birthday and is still is getting caught up by police. What do you do? What can you possibly say to your child to have them understand that being an adult has its different set of consequences? Jail and prisons are not the easy camps they go through as children; it’s a different atmosphere, different set of rules.

Do you:

  • Become an over-bearing parent? Monitor their every move, set a stricter curfew, restrict who they are able to hang out with?
  • Become an easier, more laid-back parent? Let them “learn from their mistakes”, “whatever happens, happens”?
  • Balance the line between? Take care of them as much as you can until you cannot any longer?

If you think of these options [not the only ones, but have been the most standard options] there are clear pros and cons to each bullet point. What is a parent to do, especially when you do not have enough resources to support your family? As I have mentioned earlier, most of these families share the same lower socioeconomic class. When you can’t pay the bills of the house, have hardly enough food for the family, how can a parent post bail for their child? Or just have enough energy, time, and effort to look after them as much as they’d have to?

After reading this, just think of your parents and all that they have done for you. A simple, random ‘thank you’ will leave a smile on their heart :]



As a continuation about my visit to the two probation camps in La Verne… I want to talk about another type of resources. Yes, you guessed it people …MONEY.

One of the major problems that we talked about during our tour of the Forestry program is the problem of the kids not having the right resources in order to make a change in themselves once they were released from camp. Major problem. Money, of course, is one of the vehicles behind this change. What is occurring, not only in camps but also in the general public, is that much of the juvenile youth population do not have their identification cards. There are hundreds of reason of why this is happening: no papers, never needed one before 18 y/o, parents/family not well-informed about the benefits of obtaining one, etc.

Now, applying this issue to the Forestry program, we were told that after learning and experiencing the discipline of a real job that interested the kids, many of them expressed interest in applying to the Fire Department after their time at the camp. However, whether they were to go through with it or not, these kids would not have the proper resources in order to apply. What these kids need is to apply for their identification cards – an application that costs $7 [for the reduced-fee ID card]… still, $7 that they do not have. An idea that was brought up during this discussion, besides providing the kids with job training that they would be able to carry with them after their time at camp, was that probation camps should help the kids out more in getting them the correct resources to help them stay out of the juvenile system; in turn, doing both of these things would help reduce the recidivism rate and everyone would be happy!! Simple, right?

Yet, LA County Probation Camps are not doing this because they claim that the process of applying is too much of a hassle with the kids in camp and that they don’t have the means to provide them with the application fee. These two minor problems can be fixed. First, the fire captain had already set up a system where kids were able to apply for their ids during their stay at camp – so that is not a problem, since he was able to come up with a solution already. Second, a fundraiser could be set up in order to help out the county for their lack of means. And I’m serious about this! As soon as I find a way to formally set up a fundraiser for this problem, I will. So, if any of you reading this has a contact or information that would help me out in this respect, please shoot me an email: MERCC.WORDPRESS@GMAIL.COM. I would greatly appreciate any information that I can get about this!

As they say: “Money makes the world go round”…. or in the case of these kids, money could help them re-start their lives.


Last November, I was able to take part of a tour of two juvenile camps with the USC: BEP study that I have been working with. This visit was especially insightful to what the kids that I work with go through when they are locked up in the camps. Without having a sense of what a juvenile camp is like, there would have been a disconnect from myself and my knowledge and the youth and their experiences.

The BEP researchers drove up to La Verne, California to take a tour of Camp Paige and Camp Afflerbaugh. For those who don’t know what a juvenile camp consists of, I will try to break it down as much as I can. On first inspection, it looked like we had arrived to a summer camp. The outside and surrounding areas looked exactly like the camps that I used to go as a girl scout. However, upon closer inspection and starting up the tour, I knew it was going to be different from the summer camps I attended as  kid.  We started the tour walking through Camp Paige, which is reserved for the younger juvenile youth ages 12 -16. The campgrounds were quiet and serene, the sun was shining bright and you could hear the birds calling out that morning. This was a strange sight being that I had anticipated a harsher environment. At the moment, the kids were in the classrooms for their daily school/schoolwork so we headed over to the adjoining Camp Afflerbaugh to learn about the Forestry Program that had for the older kids [ages 16-18].

Camp Afflerbaugh is unique in the sense that it is the only juvenile camp that allows the youth to be let off grounds. They have administered a Forestry Program so that the youth are able to acquire job related training during their stay and become productive members of society upon their release. We met with the Captain of the department, answering any questions we had about the program, he went through how the program works at the camp.

The Forestry program works in conjunction with the Probation Department camp guidelines and provides the camp youths an opportunity to participate in a work crew environment that emphasizes Urban Forestry and Horticulture concepts. The Forestry program begins for each minor with mandatory Training Crew participation. Each minor must pass a basic physical fitness program and a series of written daily quizzes encompassing four main topics: Program Orientation, Landscape Concepts, Irrigation System Components and Chainsaw Safety/Operation. Upon graduation, minors become Forestry Crew Members and are eligible to participate on a work crews in the capacity of crew leader, sawman, bucker, tool man, or crew member. All crew members have the opportunity to earn as many as three Certificates of Achievement depending on desire and dedication to the program. Practical daily work skills and employer expectations are stressed in all training and work crew assignments in preparation of work within the private sector. Minors are encouraged to seek employment in the nursery trade, landscape business, irrigation systems or tree maintenance companies upon graduation.

Off to work like real firefighters do!

The Forestry Program is staffed Monday through Friday. Two work crews, each consisting of 13 minors and one Probation Department Juvenile Crew Instructor, are checked out from Probation at 0815hrs for their daily work assignment. After roll call and inspection, the minors are required to complete a one hour physical fitness regime to include a combination of calisthenics, stair climbing, jogging or hiking in the surrounding hills. The workday concludes by 4:00PM each day with the last hour dedicated to equipment and vehicle maintenance and cleaning.

Typical work projects have included, Burro Canyon tree removal project in Azusa Canyon, tree plantation maintenance at Bonelli Park, removal of invasive non-native plant species at the Santa Fe Dam facility, and annual brush clearance for fire safety around the entire perimeters of both Camp Paige and Camp Afflerbaugh. Throughout the year, Camp 17 crews provide support services for the Los Angeles County Fire Department Headquarters, and the Los Angeles County Fair exhibit. (

Beyond what they learn on this job they are still held accountable for their behavior under the supervision of the Crew Instructor. It is made clear to the participants that if they are to mess up, at camp or during work, they are then in danger of not being on the work crew. They are given the 3-strike rule: mess up once, you are looked after, twice, a warning, and three times, you’re out of the forestry program – something that many of the juvenile youth are very proud to be a part of. Therefore, the program provides not only job related training, it also provides incentive to not mess around during their stay in the camp and work towards a bigger goal than they had in mind when they first entered camp.

I believe that jobs and job-training, especially for the younger generations, are a strong way to motivate someone to get out of a gang or to change their lifestyles; it becomes incredibly hard to do so without the proper resources!

Finally, to close, I want to leave you with a video about Homeboy Industries and one of their more recent projects of starting a training program for the Homies to learn how to assemble solar panels on houses. Job training as success!! Check it out!

From Gangs to ‘Green Collar’.